Presentation by Kimberley Jensen. Federal legislation in effect from 1907 to 1922 required women who were U.S. citizens and who married men of other nations to forfeit their U.S. citizenship and take on the status of their husbands. During the First World War, some 400 Oregon women became "enemy aliens" as a result of their marriage to German men in the state. Kept under surveillance by state officials, many of the women resisted actions against them and definitions of themselves as enemy aliens. Ms. Jensen is professor of history and gender studies at Western Oregon University.